Besalú is one of the most important and better-preserved medieval towns of Catalonia (Spain). Its geographic location not only favored the settling of human population since ancient times, but also the interaction of various cultures that contributed to its architectonic patrimony.
While we stroll through the medieval streets and squares, we can get to know and visit the different patrimonial elements that make the village a truly singular place.
Besalú is located at 150 metres above sea level, covering an area of 4.81 km2. Bisuldunum, its original name, suggests that it was first conceived as a fortress between two rivers: the Fluvià in the south and the Capellades in the north. The town is well communicated, standing at the meeting point of three regions: Alt Empordà, Pla de l’Estany and Garrotxa. During the Middle Ages Besalú began to gain importance as the capital of an independent county following the death of Guifré el Pilós (902). This status was lost with the death of Bernat III, son-in-law of Ramon Berenguer III, who left no successors. As a result the town became part of Barcelona. In 1966, it was declared a “National Historic-Artistic Ensemble” due to its high medieval architectural significance.